Research and Studies

The Director-General is the Chief Research and Chief Executive Officer of the Institute.  The Director of Research and Studies directly supervises the Research and Studies Department.  The Department is the nerve centre of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs charged with the development and execution of primary and secondary research projects of the Institute. In the fulfilment of its mandate, the Department organizes conferences, seminars, symposia and lectures for the enlightenment of the general public. The Department coordinates the research activities through its five divisions:
The Division of International Politics
Division of International Law and Organisations
Division of International Economic Relations
Division of Security and Strategic Studies
The Division of African Politics and Integration

African Politics and Integration

Since independence in 1960, Africa has featured prominently in Nigeria’s foreign policy, commanding attention in several respects. The nation has also invested enormous resources on African issues be it national liberation struggle, anti apartheid campaigns, peacekeeping, conflict resolution, regional integration and the issue of socio-economic and political development of the continent. In the new millennium, the concern for African progress has been broaden against the background of globalization to include institution capacity building on the continent, the pursuit of African renaissance, the protection of Africa’s interest as Africa now remains the last frontier for huge solid minerals, hydro-carbon and agricultural resources.
Accordingly, the philosophy driving the division of African Politics and Integration underscores the need for deeper understanding of African affairs, the socio-economic and political conditions of African states and their peoples. The division also carries out studies on various interactions and exchanges among African states and peoples. It monitors and studies the working of various institutions and organizations, African intra-state organizations, regional integration schemes and the relations of Africa with the wider world, including the African Diaspora, whose economic importance can no longer be ignored, considering the huge remittances it makes to the homeland.
© 2016 Nigerian Institute of International Affairs. All rig
Security and Strategic Studies

The Division of Security and Strategic Studies was established to provide informed policy advice to government and enlightenment to the public on security and defense matters. It also through Conferences, Seminars, Roundtables, Public Lectures, Workshops and publications provide materials on the security situation and challenges in the country, the sub-region and Africa and, to stake-holders in the international system. Another area of the work of the Division is on Conflict Management and Resolution, Peacekeeping, Humanitarian aspects of conflicts and Post-conflict Peace Building. Most conflicts in Africa today are due to poor governance, identity issues, lack of access to governance of resources, marginalization and problems associated with political succession. Accordingly, the Division of Security and Strategic Studies focuses its research agenda on these issues. Closely related to conflict is the issue of humanitarian emergencies which create internal displacement and refugee problems.
The above also determine the philosophy of the Division on security generally and the relationship between security and development and the resulting security sector reforms. The challenges of development do in themselves also generate the kind of situation that undermines peace and stability. Accordingly, security is not seen as a narrow and static concept, but as dynamic issue with very great implications for society at large. Thus, while the Division recognizes the traditional military threats to security, it also recognizes the existence and importance of non-military threats to peace and stability.

International Economic Relations

This division is concerned with today’s daunting problems of underdevelopment, poverty, external debt, the challenges of neo-liberal development programmes, relations with multilateral institutions, marginalization, environmental degradation, and others. The research activities of the division are informed by the realities of contemporary globalization and its impact on the development of Third World countries. We understand development as structural transformation, meaning the economic growth of national economies, coupled with the material improvement in the lives of their citizens as demonstrated in increased equity and drastic reduction in the poverty level. We accept the definition of globalization as the process through which an increasingly free flow of ideas, people, goods, services and capital leads to the integration of economies and societies. We are thus broadly interested in the development impact of global economic integration, the appropriateness of market-led policies and the role of multilateral institutions, global trade regime, technology transfer, south-south cooperation and the dynamics mix of the challenges of domestic and the external factors in international economic relations and development.

International Law and Organisations

One dimension of the Division’s research focus is international law, which in its classical sense is understood as a collection of rules governing relations between states. In its broadest sense international law provides normative guidelines as well as methods, mechanisms and a common conceptual language for international actors. Thus, in addition to traditional issues pertaining to war, peace and diplomacy, the Division also focuses on questions of human rights, as well as economic and trade issues. The other dimension of the Division, international organizations, is one of the sources and actors of international law. Alongside nation-states, international organizations are major actors in the international system. Their vast numbers and functional diversity ensure that they focus upon virtually every issue of international significance. In addition, they are key players in structuring international relations. The Division of International Law and Organizations also examines the roles of international organizations with particular respect to issues that are of importance to Nigeria and the continent of Africa. Institutions that have provided sustained frameworks for the conduct of Nigeria’s multilateral diplomacy such as the United Nations, African Union, Economic Community of West African States and the Commonwealth have been areas of continuous research efforts. Globalisation, international economic relations, multilateralism in world affairs, inter-state border disputes and the continuing concern for conflict resolution and peace-building are also areas of research interest of the Division.
International Politics

The Division of International Politics can be defined as the pillar of research activities in the Institute in the sense that every subject, issue or topic that comes up for examination has a necessary linkage to the pattern of political relations between sovereign states. Fundamentally, underlying international politics is the matter of power and the use of power (who makes decisions, who controls etc.) that explains why one country can protect and project its interests, while the other cannot. The exercise of power in the international arena generates some dynamics (including politics) at the national, bilateral, multilateral, regional and global levels of relations. This constitutes the basis of international politics in this era and the focus of the research efforts of the division. Some of the research focus of the Division includes the dynamics of global interaction, conflict and cooperation, globalization, science, technology and development, migration matters and development cooperation among others.
© 2016 Nigerian Institute of International Affairs. All rights reser
© VISIT OF THE HEAD, POLITICAL AND GENERAL AFFAIRS SECTION OF THE EMBASSY OF JAPAN IN NIGERIA TO THE AICPS
by admin | May 23, 2017 | News,  AICPS Events | 0 comments
The head political and general Affairs section of the Embassy of Japan in Nigeria, Mr. Shunsuke Ono on the 8 May, 2017, made a courtesy visit to the AICPS Mr. Ono was received by the Director of Research and Studies, Professor Ogaba Oche sitting in for the Director General at the Institute’s Conference Chamber. The visitor had earlier interacted with the research fellows of the institute and their specialities and also the activities of the political and general section of the Embassy of Japan. He said he had   been in Nigeria for almost two(2) years and that he was aware of the activities of the AICPS especially in hosting some major conferences, dialogues  as well as Diplomatic /Ambassadorial briefings.
Mr. Ono spoke on some global issues, such as the outcome of  the election of U.S.A President Donald Trump, Japan bilateral relations with USA, Japan-USA common security alliances; he also spoke on efforts towards bringing back USA to T.P.P. The North –China Sea dispute, the nuclear     threat of North Korea as well as the relations between South Korea, China, Japan and the USA. He made emphasis on the peaceful role Japan is playing in the region to avoid the escalation of tension in the region.
On the Japan level of investment in Africa and particularly in Nigeria, although Mr. Ono admitted that, Japan investment in Nigeria is very low compared to some other African countries like South Africa and Egypt. This he attributed to the lack of secure business environment in Nigerian and therefore Japanese companies are conscious of coming to invest in Nigeria. He  also said that, in Nigeria Japan is involved  in grass roots assistance programme under the educational and cultural exchange programme, it involve building of schools, bridges as well as hospitals  and that every year the Japanese government sponsors  ten(10) Nigerians to study in Japan although at post-graduate level. Mr. Ono commended the robust and solid participation of Nigeria in United Nations peace keeping programmes. The interaction came to an end with the vote of thanks by the Director of Research and Studies.

VISIT OF THE RESIDENT COORDINATOR OF UNITED NATIONS INFORMATION CENTRE (UNIC) IN NIGERIA TO THE INSTITUTE
by admin | Mar 2, 2017 | News,  AICPS Events | 0 comments
The resident coordinator of the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) in Nigeria, His Excellency Mr. Ronald Kayanja on the 8th February, 2017, made a visit to the AICPS With him on the visit was the National Information Officer in UNIC Mr. Oluseyi Soremekun. They were received on arrival by the Director General, Professor Bukar Bukarambe. The resident coordinator was briefed by the Director General on the mandate and activities of the institute and was also conducted on a tour of the institute’s various departments.
The resident coordinator had earlier interacted with the research fellows of the institute on the mandate and activities of his office which according to him was established   in 1967, as part of the branch offices of the United Nations Department of Public Information. The United Nations Information Centre, Nigeria, is one of the networks of United Nations Information Centres in 63 countries, helping to link the headquarters of the United Nations with people   around the world. He told the research fellows that UNIC also works in partnership with other United Nations field agencies, members of civil society and business groups, to stimulate and engage them actively on issues of concern to the United Nations. Both  governmental and  non-governmental organizations in Nigeria count on UNIC as partners in organizing key events, including seminars, exhibits and commemoration focusing on such key issues as human rights, education, the environment, gender, drug prevention and health. He commended the robust and solid representation of Nigeria at the United Nations Committee levels in New York and said that Africa has the largest UN peace keepers in the world. In conclusion, the resident coordinator solicited for better and improved formalization of relationship between AICPS and UNIC. He said the two agencies can collaborate and deal with issues such as; youth, peace and security, sustainable development goals 2030 and the Paris agreement on climate change and that recently the world food programme had come back to Nigeria because of hunger. The visit came to an end with a vote of thanks by the Director General AICPS.

Lecture on China’s Increasing Role in Africa
by admin | Jan 31, 2017 | News | 0 comments
Professor Osita Agbu, Head, Division of International Politics, delivered a lecture on “China’s Increasing Role in Africa”, for Course 25 participants of the National Defence College, (NDC), Abuja on Tuesday 17th of January, 2017

Conference on Gas Flaring in the Niger Delta: The Internal and External Dimensions
by admin | Jan 27, 2017 |  AICPS Events | 0 comments
The flaring of Associated Gas (AG) in the Niger Delta of Nigeria started towards the end of colonial rule in the country.  Flaring of gas mixed up with the crude oil began right at the start of oil exploration and production. More gas was flared in Nigeria than most oil producing countries. Efforts to stop gas flaring in Nigeria, so far, have not yielded positive results. Gas flaring has been illegal in Nigeria since 1984, pursuant to section 3 of the Associated Gas Reinjection Act of 1979. Apart from its oil, Nigeria has significantly huge gas reserves, the 7th largest deposit in the world with reserves estimated at 185 trillion cubic feet (TCF). This resource endowment could be productively utilized to stem or cushion the volatility and vulnerability associated with the cyclical rise and fall of crude oil prices in the international market. Gas production could also help the country in its quest for economic diversification and to boast revenue generation for the federal government. There was no doubt that the issue of gas flaring have topical and central to the national interest. It was against this background that the AICPS, in line with its statutory mandate,  organised  a conference on Gas Flaring in the Niger Delta: The Internal and External Dimensions, it took place on 14th December, 2016 at the AICPS Conference Chamber.
The Conference attracted participants from the academia; policy makers; oil industry; environment rights NGOs and other participants from within and outside Lagos.  The total number of twelve (12) papers were presented during the conference. They included the following; Oil Exploration and Exploitation in Nigeria: A Historical Perspective  presented by Professor Charles Dokubo; Understanding the Phenomenon of Gas Flaring in Nigeria: A Critical Analysis  presented by Dr. Famos Eseduwo; Global Convention on the Environment, UN Mandate and International Standards in Gas Flaring: An Appraisal presented by Professor Sam Erugo; An Assessment of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of Gas Flaring in Nigeria by Professor Konyinsola Ajayi; The  Federal Government, Multinational Corporations(MNCs) and Gas Flaring in Nigeria: An Evaluation of Partnership over the Year presented  by Mr. Anthony Konwea; Oil Production and Gas Flaring in the Niger: The Political Economy Approach by Dr. Godwin Ichimi; Gas Flaring in OPEC Countries: A Comparative Analysis by Professor Osita Agbu; Gas Flaring in Developing Non – OPEC Countries: An Overview presented  by Dr. Bolarinwa and Dr. Ubi, Managing Gas Flaring in Nigeria: Lessons from the Developed Countries  presented by Dr. Phillips Okolo; Ending Gas Flaring in Nigeria: Opportunities for Investment presented by Enger. Sunday Ukpai; Environmental Impact of Gas Flaring in the Niger Delta: Implications for Sustainable Development  presented by Dr. Sharkdam and Dr Ugwuanyi and Militancy, Violence and Security in the Niger-Delta by Professor Usman A. Tar. The conference produced a Communiqué

Official Visit to AICPS by the Participants of 105th National Management Course at the National School of Policy of Pakistan
by admin | Jan 27, 2017 |  AICPS Events | 0 comments

A  Pakistani delegation undergoing the 105th National Management Course at National School of Pakistan paid visit to the AICPS  on October 28, 2016. The delegation which comprised Director Generals in different departments in Pakistan, included: Mrs Iruma Bukhari- Group Leader, Mr. Abdul Aziz Ugaili, Mr. Ishtiaq Ahmed Khan, Mr. Seyed Nazar Hussain Shah, Mr. Safdar Ali, Dr. Mohammad Sholab Akbar, Mr. Zafar Zaman Ranjha and Mr. Zamir Ahmed. The team was accompanied to the Institute by Asim Ali Khan the Head of Chancery in the Pakistan High Commission in Nigeria. The Pakistan delegation was received by the Director General of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, Professor Bukar Bukarambe, at the Institute Conference Chamber.
The delegation had exchanged views with the Research Fellows on strengthening the bilateral relations between Nigeria and Pakistan. The bilateral relations between Nigeria and Pakistan is cordial, and both nations maintain good political and economic as well as military relations. Since the 1960’s their relationship and cooperation have been mainly in the agriculture, education, irrigation as well as in the area of the military.  It observed that, while some of the Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) has been signed, they have not been operationalized, neither has there been a follow through.
Some of Memorandum of   Understanding (MOUs) signed between both  Nigeria and Pakistan are as follows:
MOU to enhance Defence Collaboration signed on June 9 2010;
MOU between Pakistan and Nigeria air force for provision of training for maintenance of aircraft;
MOU to strengthen educational ties it was signed on  June 2016; Agreement on cooperation on narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances it was signed during visit of His Excellency Mr. Mamnoon Hussein, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to Nigeria; Agreement on bilateral cooperation on agricultural cooperation during visit of president of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to Nigeria;
MOU on industrial cooperation; Agreement on cultural exchange programme and;
MOU on cooperation between the chambers of commerce and industries during visit of President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Under both President Muhammadu Buhari and Prime Minister Mian Muhammed Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan, the priority areas of cooperation between Nigeria and Pakistan are in three key areas namely; security, agriculture and education.
A major area in which both countries have maintained strong relations is in the area of security, defence and military cooperation. This cooperation has involved mutual training, capacity building and the maintenance of the military facilities.  Pakistan has pledged strong  support for Nigeria in the fight against the Boko Haram. It supplied the Nigerian military with armoured tanks and other advanced military hardware and opened its borders to Nigerian military officers for further training in Pakistan. However, it was observed that there is still the need for both Nigeria and Pakistan to improve and strengthen their bilateral cooperation for the mutual benefits of their citizens and enhance their cooperation on the international  stage.

 2016 Nigerian Institute of International Affairs.
International Women’s Day Conference
by admin | Jan 27, 2017 |  AICPS Events | 0 comments
The Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) in Partnership with the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) organized a Workshop on International Women’s Day on the   Theme Nigerian Women and the Post-2015 Development Agenda: Contemporary Challenges. The conference took place on the 8th March, 2016. The Participants to the workshop were drawn from both Non-governmental and civil society groups as well as from the academia. The  Papers presented in the workshop are, Women Participation and Representation in Nigerian Politics: Observations from the 2015 General Election presented by Professor Osita Agbu and (Mrs.) Oluwatooni Akinkuotu; Empowering Nigerian Women in a Depressed Economy: Challenges and Prospects by Dr. Godwin Ichimi, The Plight of Women in Conflict Areas in Nigeria: Need for Interventions by Mr. Sharkdam Wapmuk and Dr. Chinasa Ugwuanyi, and Women and Workplace Conditions in Nigeria: Issues, Challenges and Prospects by Dr (Mrs) Chinwe Nwanna.
The substance of the workshop was that it presented the condition of the Nigerian women in the area of politics and representation, the economy, conflict situation and in the work place. The object is to consider these in relation to the post-2015 Development Agenda embodied in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Politics and Diplomacy of the Selection and Appointment of the United Nations Secretary General
by admin | Jan 27, 2017 |  AICPS Events | 0 comments
AICPS organized a One-Day Seminar on the Politics and Diplomacy of the Selection and Appointment of the United Nations Secretary General on Monday 22 August 2016.  The main objective of the seminar was to distill  a Nigerian and African perspective on the selection and appointment of the UN Secretary-General. In seeking to interrogate the processes of the selection and appointment of the UN Secretary – General, the seminar highlighted and discussed the politics and roles played by the Permanent Five  members of the Security Council vis-a vis the limitation of other members of the UN General Assembly in seeking to democratize the process of the selection and appointment.
In respect of the observations made, it was generally agreed that even though the UN has remained one of the important platforms for the articulation of the Nigeria’s interest and the implementation of its foreign policy, it has been observed that the country has not been in the mainstream of the selection and appointment of the UN Secretary- General.
It is therefore against this background that some recommendations was observed such as, Nigeria should resume its leadership role in African Group within the UN; and that Nigeria should continue to support the reform of the UN, particularly the enlargement of the permanent membership of the UN Security Council. In this regard, it should seek to be a member of the Accountability, Coherence and Transparency Group (ACT) and any other group seeking reform of the UN.
The Seminar covered six (6) papers,  but only four (4) papers was presented, which included the following, The Politics and Diplomacy of the United Nations System presented by Professor Osita Agbu; The Selection, Appointment and Functions of the UN Secretary General: An Interpretative Analysis presented by Professor Amadu Sesay; The African Group in the United Nations: What Role should it play in the Selection and Appointment of the next Secretary- General?  by Ambassador Usman Sarki, but was presented by Professor Charles Dokubo ; and The Future of the Office of the Secretary –General and the UN System  presented by Professor Alaba Ogunsanwo. The two (2) papers that were not presented but the authors had promised to forward their papers to the Director- General included, Contemporary International Politics and the United Nations after the Cold War by Dr. Adekeye Adebayo, The Nigerian Perspective in the Selection and Appointment of the Ninth UN Secretary- General by Professor Sola Ojo.  The proceedings of the Seminar will be published soon.

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INDUCTION! INDUCTION!! INDUCTION!!!

URGENT INFORMATION: This is to inform the general public that venue for the 2018 induction ceremony has been changed from the Novella Planet Hotel, Port Novo, Republic of Benin to LTV hall.  The new venue for the induction ceremony of our prestigious and reputable international professional bodies shall be Lagos State Television Combo Hall, Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.  

Time :  12 Noon.     
Date :  May 12th,  2018.  Your presence would be highly appreciated sir/ma.

 

 

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